The Chemical Identity Revealed: Unveiling the Name of Cu3(PO4)2

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When it comes to studying chemistry, understanding chemical formulas and naming compounds is crucial. One such compound that often raises questions is Cu3(PO4)2. This article aims to demystify the name Cu3(PO4)2 and provide a comprehensive guide for students and enthusiasts of chemistry. By exploring the compound’s composition, formula, and nomenclature rules, we will shed light on its systematic name and its significance in scientific research.

Composition and Formula

To understand the name for Cu3(PO4)2, let’s start by understanding its composition and formula. Cu3(PO4)2 is a chemical compound consisting of copper (Cu) ions and phosphate (PO4) anions. The formula indicates that there are three copper ions and two phosphate anions in the compound. Each copper ion carries a charge of +2 and each phosphate anion carries a charge of -3. To achieve electrical neutrality, three copper ions combine with two phosphate anions in the compound.

Nomenclature Rules

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) provides a set of rules for naming chemical compounds. Following these rules, we can decipher the systematic name for Cu3(PO4)2.

For ionic compounds like Cu3(PO4)2, the name typically includes the cation (Cu) first, followed by the anion (PO4). The name of the cation remains unchanged, while the name of the anion is modified. In the case of Cu3(PO4)2, copper is a transition metal and its charge can vary. To indicate the charge, Roman numerals are used in parentheses after the name of the cation.

Systematic name for Cu3(PO4)2

Using nomenclature rules, the systematic name for Cu3(PO4)2 can be determined. Since copper can have multiple charges, we need to determine the charge on the copper ion in Cu3(PO4)2. By examining the phosphate anion (PO4) and its charge, we can deduce that each copper ion must have a +2 charge to balance the -6 charge of the two phosphate anions.

Based on this information, the systematic name for Cu3(PO4)2 is copper(II) phosphate. The Roman numeral II indicates the +2 charge on each copper ion. Remember that the Roman numeral is essential in determining the exact charge on the cation because transition metals can have different oxidation states.

Meaning and Applications

Understanding the name for Cu3(PO4)2 is not only an exercise in nomenclature, but also has significance in various scientific applications. Copper(II) phosphate has been studied for its catalytic properties, particularly in organic reactions. It has shown potential in promoting various chemical transformations, including C-C and C-N bond formation.

In addition, copper(II) phosphate-based materials have found application in energy storage devices, such as lithium-ion batteries. The unique properties of the compound, such as high electrochemical stability and good ionic conductivity, make it a promising candidate for electrode materials.

In summary, Cu3(PO4)2, known as copper(II) phosphate, is a chemical compound composed of three copper ions and two phosphate anions. By following the nomenclature rules provided by IUPAC, we can determine its systematic name and understand its significance in scientific research. The compound’s applications in catalysis and energy storage highlight its potential in various fields. By mastering the naming conventions for compounds like Cu3(PO4)2, students and chemists can improve their understanding of chemical structures and their properties.


What is the name for Cu3(PO4)2?

The name for Cu3(PO4)2 is copper(II) phosphate.

What is the chemical formula for copper(II) phosphate?

The chemical formula for copper(II) phosphate is Cu3(PO4)2.

What is the systematic name for Cu3(PO4)2?

The systematic name for Cu3(PO4)2 is tricopper(II) bis(phosphate).

What are the individual ions present in Cu3(PO4)2?

The individual ions present in Cu3(PO4)2 are Cu2+ (copper) and PO4^3- (phosphate).

What is the oxidation state of copper in Cu3(PO4)2?

The oxidation state of copper in Cu3(PO4)2 is +2.